[ID:4-6290255] [精]【精选专题课件】中考英语专题四十二 情景交际的知识点、考点与高频考题专 ...
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(共55张PPT) 【精选专题课件】中考英语专题四十二 情景交际的知识点、考点与经典高频考题专题精讲 (超全精编版) 本节课程在本学科中的地位 该专题主要是对情景交际的知识点及其考点所进行的专项讲解,属于中考英语专题复习的知识体系,旨在让学生掌握不同情景的表达方式。其内容涵盖全面,为备战中考英语之首选。 课程介绍 本节课程在本学科中的地位 通过学习本章的知识点讲解及经典例题讲解,再通过典型考题的巩固,意在让学生明白同样一句话,因使用的时间、场合、身份不同而有不同的含义和不同的表达方式,学会运用多种表达方式来应对不同的情景,做到灵活运用,以便提高综合运用能力,从而更好的备战中考。 教学目标 跟踪训练 真题再现 模拟检测 解题方法 考点详解 知识讲解脉络 考点详解 PART 01 考点详解 一、感谢和应答 考点详解 二、道歉和应答 三、邀请和应答 四、请求和应答 五、祝愿、祝贺和应答 六、提供帮助和应答 七、劝告和建议 八、打电话 九、购物 十、看病 十一、情感 考点详解 此处添加标题文本 Insert Header Topic Here ?Thank you./Thanks a lot./Thank you very much. ?Thank you for your help. ?It's very kind/nice of you. ?Thank you anyway/all the same. 1. 感谢某人 ?It’s my pleasure. ?That's OK./That's all right. ?You're welcome. 2. 回答感谢时的答语 感谢和应答 感谢和应答 01 02 03 当要麻烦别人时 ?Excuse me. ?I beg your pardon.添加标题 在此添加标题 点击添加文字说明详情介绍点击添加文字说明详情介绍点击添加文字 3. 回答道歉时的答语 ?That's all right. ?That's OK. ?Never mind. ?It's nothing. ?It doesn't matter. 2. 当做错某事时 ?Sorry. ?I'm sorry for… ?I'm sorry that… 道歉和应答 01 02 03 表示邀请的用语 ?Will you come to…? ?Would you like to…? ?May I invite you to…? ?How/What about…? 3. 拒绝邀请时的答语 ?No, thank you. ?I'd love /like to, but… 2. 接受邀请时的答语 ?Yes, I'd like /love to. ?Yes. It's very kind of you. ?That would be nice. 邀请和 应答 01 02 03 表请求用语 ?May I…? ?Can/Could I…? ?Would you mind if…? 在此添加标题 点击添加文字说明详情介绍点击添加文字说明详情介绍点击添加文字 3. 表否定的答语 ?I'm afraid not. ?I'm sorry, but you mustn't/can't. ?You'd better not. 2. 表肯定的答语 ?Sure. /Certainly. ?Yes, do please. ?That's all right. ?Of course, you can. 请求和应答 在此添加标题 1. 祝贺用语 在此添加标题 2. 应答用语 单击添加详细文字说明,或复制文本黏贴自此右键只保留文字 单击添加详细文字说明,或复制文本黏贴自此右键只保留文字 ?Have a good day/time! ?Have a good journey/trip! ?Good luck! ?Enjoy yourself! ?Best wishes to you! ?Happy New Year! ?Merry Christmas! ?Happy birthday! ?Congratulations! ?Well done! ?Thank you. ?You, too. ?The same to you. 祝愿、祝贺和应答 在此添加标题 在此添加标题 单击添加详细文字说明,或复制文本黏贴自此右键只保留文字 单击添加详细文字说明,或复制文本黏贴自此右键只保留文字 1. 提供帮助 ?Can I help you? ?Would you like me to help you? ?What can I do for you? ?Let me help you. 2. 肯定答语 ?Yes, please./Yes, thanks. ?Thank you for your help. ?Thank you. ?That would be nice. 3. 否定答语 ?No, thanks/thank you. ?That’s very kind/nice of you, but I can manage it myself. 提供帮助和应答 ?You’d better… ?Why not…? ?How/What about…? ?Shall we…? ?You shouldn’t… 劝告和建议 在此添加标题 1. 拨电话方的交际用语 在此添加标题 2. 接电话方的交际用语 单击添加详细文字说明,或复制文本黏贴自此右键只保留文字 单击添加详细文字说明,或复制文本黏贴自此右键只保留文字 ?Could/May/Can I speak to...please? ?Who's that(speaking)? ?This is…(speaking). ?Could you ask him/her to call me back? ?I'm calling to tell/ask you to… ?Hold on(for a moment), please. ?I'm sorry/afraid he's/she's out at the moment/right now. ?Can I take a message (for you)? 打电话 营业员常用的交际用语 ?CanI help you?/What can I do for you? ?How many/much… do you want? ?What about this one? ?What colour/size/kind do you like/want? ?I'm afraid we haven't got any…in that size at the moment. ?Here you are. 2. 顾客常用的交际用语 ?I want /would like to buy some. . . (for. . . ) ?I’m looking for. . . ?I would like/want two kilos of... ?I like the colour,but it’s/they’re too. . . ?It's great, but it's not. . . enough. ?Have you got any other kind/colour/size? ?That looks nice/great. ?Have you got anything cheaper? ?How much does it cost? ?Can/May I try them/it on,please? 购物 医生常用交际用语 ?What's wrong with you? /What's tihe matter?/What's up? ?How long have you been like this? ?Have you taken your temperature? ?Have you had anything to eat this morning? ?There's nothing serious. ?Take this medicine and stay in bed for a few days. ?You will get better soon. ?You will be all right/well soon. 2. 病人常用的交际用语 ?I have got a headache/cough. ?I'm not feeling well./l don't feel very well./I feel terrible ?There's something wrong with... 看病 1. 高兴 ?How wonderful/nice! ?That’s lovely/great/wonderful! ?I’m pleased to know that. 2. 惊奇 ?Really ?Oh dear! ?Is that so? ?What a surprise! ?How nice to see you! ?How surprising! ?I’m surprised. 3. 满意 ?Good! ?Well done! ?Perfect! ?That’s fine. ?That’s better. ?That’s good enough. 4. 忧虑 ?What’s wrong? ?What’s the matter? ?Anything wrong? ?What should we do? 5. 遗憾与同情 ?I’m so sorry! ?It’s a great pity! ?What a shame/pity! ?That’s too bad! ?I’m sorry to hear that. 看病 1. 要根据不同的情景,使用不同的表达法。 2. 要正确判断出对话的情景。 3. 问话或答语不能离题。 4. 用筛选法选择正确对话。 5. 从语意进行判断。 6. 根据习惯用法进行选择。 7. 答语要符合西方人的文化、风俗和习惯。 8. 要使用文明礼貌的语言。 9. 要遵照口语交际特点,不要死套语法规则。 情景交际题之解思路--方法 1. 认真了解和掌握教材中出现的口语交际项目,如问时间 及日期、打电话、过生日、购物、问路、看病、借书、请求和提供帮助、转告传递信息、劝告等。 2. 按礼貌的原则选择答案,一般不需要考虑语法上的正误。 3. 注意英语国家文化习惯的不同。 4. 注意理解题干的确切含义。 5. 注意仔细揣摩上下文,搞清情景的功能意念——即问句所 指的是什么。 情景交际题之解题思路--谨记 跟踪训练 跟踪训练 1. —Will he join us in fighting against the Lakers? — . He had his leg hurt when practicing soccer last week. B Of course I'm afraid not Yes, he will B A C I'm afraid so D 他能加入我们一起对抗湖人队吗?——恐怕不行,他上周练足球时脚受伤了。 A.当然;B.恐怕不行;C.是的,他会的;D.恐怕是这样的。故选B。 B 【解析】句意: 跟踪训练 2. —We failed __________ the basketball match. —__________. B B. to win;I'm sorry to hear that C. win;What a pity D. lose;Pity A.to lose;It's a pity B【解析】句意:——我们没能赢得这场篮球赛。—听到那消息我很遗憾。fail to do不能、未能做,没有能力做某事;fail to win没能赢;It's a pity很可惜;what a pity表示感叹,意思是”多可惜遗憾啊!”。当别人说到不好的情况,表示同情,就可以用I'm sorry to hear that。故选B。 解析 跟踪训练 3. —What do you think of documentaries? — . C A. B D C I’d love to so do I can’t stand them I think so C 【解析】句意: 你认为这些纪录片怎样?——我不能忍受它们。A. I'd love to 我愿意;B. I think so 我认为是这样;C. I can't stand them我不能忍受它们;D. so do I我也是,故选C。 跟踪训练 4. —Teenagers should do social work for their community. — . Social work is good for them. B No, they shouldn't C I agree B That's all right D Yes, please A 解析 选B 句意:——青少年们应该为他们的社区做一些社会工作。——我同意你的说法,社会工作对他们是有好处的。Yes, please.是的,请;I agree.我同意;No, they shouldn't.不,他们不应该;That's all right.没关系。根据句意Social work is good for them可知,两个人的观点是一致 跟踪训练 5. —Hi, Tim. ! — The same to you. B A B C Congratulation Happy New Year Happy Birthday C Sorry before 9 o'clock 【解析】句意:——你好,蒂姆,新年快乐!——同贺。A. Congratulations恭喜;B. Happy New Year新年快乐;C. Happy Birthday生日快乐;D. Sorry对不起。回答者说"同乐"可以看出说话者是在就一个公共节日祝他快乐。B项"新年快乐"(Happy New Year)符合题意。 跟踪训练 6. —I think students can go out alone on school nights. — . They may meet some bad people. B 1 I hope so 2 I don't think so 3 I agree with you 4 I think so 解析 选B 。句意:——我认为学生在校的晚上可以独自一人出去。——我不这样认为。他们可能会遇到坏人。A. 我希望这样;B. 我不这样认为;C 我同意你的意见;D. 我这样认为。根据后面的句子"他们可能会遇到坏人",故答案选B。 跟踪训练 7. ––Linda didn't invite us to her party. –– ? I don't care. A A. So what B. What's on C. For what D. What's up 句意:——琳达没有邀请我们参加她的聚会。——那又怎么样?我不喜欢。I don’t care.我不关心/在乎。A. So what那又怎么样;B. What’s on靠的是什么;C. For what为什么;D. What’s up怎么了。根据句意,B、C、D三项都与句意不合,故选A。 解析 跟踪训练 that's true it's fun I agree with pleasure A B C D 8. —I want to listen to the song called Try Everything. Could you please help me look for it on the Internet? —Yes, . 解析 句意:——我想听听这首叫Try Everything的歌。你能帮我在网上找一下吗?——好的,我很乐意。考查交际用语。A. that's true那是真的;B. it's fun它有趣;C. I agree我同意;D. with pleasure愿意,乐意,乐意效劳,表示同意,用于回答别人的请求(Could/Would you please do sth.? /Can you…please?)。结合句意和语境可知选D。 D 跟踪训练 Yes, that's true ANALYSIS That sounds interesting ANALYSIS Have a nice time. ANALYSIS A.Yes, I think so ANALYSIS 9. —How about going to the wildlife park this weekend, Jane? — . I'm looking forward to going there. C 【解析】本题考查情景交际。句意:—简,这个星期去野生动物园怎么样?听起来很有趣,我期望去那里。A.我也是这么想的;B.是的,那是真的;C.听起来很有趣;D.玩得开心,上文提的是建议。故选C. 跟踪训练 考查情景交际和mind的用法。——你介意打开窗户吗?——不,完全不介意。A谢谢;B介意,请;C不,一点也不;D我很乐意。只有C项是对mind的回答。故选C。 解析 I'll be glad to No, not at all Yes, please Thank you 10. —Would you mind opening the window? — . C 跟踪训练 真题再现 真题再现 1. —Why don't you play basketball with us? — . I like reading at home better. D It's not my favorite. It's my favorite. I don't want to drink tea. It's good for me. 【解析】 句意: ——你为什么不和我们一起打篮球呢? ——那不是我的菜。我更喜欢在家看书。考查情景交际。那不是我的菜,引申为"不是令我愉悦或不是吸引我的某种事物,不是我的爱好";A. It's good for me.那对我来说很好;B. I don' t want to drink tea.我不想去喝茶;C. It's my favorite.那是我的最爱;D. It's not my favorite.那不是我的爱好;结合选项,故选D。 真题再现 Just a minute What a pity Congratulations Never mind 2. —Hello, Sally! Can I see Mr. Brown? — . I'll tell him you are here. B 解析 句意:——你好,莎莉!我可以见布朗先生吗?——稍等一会,我将告诉他你来了。 本题考查情景交际。A. What a pity真遗憾;B. Just a minute稍等一会;C. Congratulations祝贺;D. Never mind没关系。根据上文"你好,莎莉!我可以见布朗先生吗?"和后面的I'll tell him you are here. "我将告诉他你来了。"可以推测此处应用"稍等一会"来回答,其它选项语意不通. 真题再现 A B C D So what? Cheer up. Like what? Take care 3. —I usually go swimming for exercise, but I want to try something new. — . 【解析】句意:——我经常去游泳锻炼身体,但是我想尝试一下新的东西。——比方说什么?考查情景交际。A. So what?那又怎样?B. Cheer up.(使)高兴起来;C. Like what? 比方说什么?(希望对方列一个具体项目)D. Take care.小心。根据上文I want to try something new.说要尝试一下新的东西,推知下句马上接过话茬,应说Like what?(比方说什么?);故选C。 C 真题再现 A.Enjoy oneself B.Have a good trip C.Thank you 4. —I'm going to Yichun for summer vacation. It's a good place to relax. —So it is. ! B 【解析】句意:——我就要去伊春度暑假了。它是一个令人放松的好地方。——确实是。旅行愉快!本题考查情景交际。A. Enjoy oneself过得愉快,oneself随主语的变化而变化,具体到本句中应为Enjoy yourself,故选项A错误;B. Have a good trip祝你旅途愉快;C. Thank you谢谢!不符合题意。故选B。 真题再现 A.No problem B.It doesn't matter C.It is my pleasure It's kind of you 5. —Thank you for showing me the way. — . C 【解析】句意:谢谢你给我指路。本题考查情景交际。A. No problem没问题;B. It doesn't matter没关系;C. It is my pleasure非常高兴为您服务;D. It's kind of you你真是太好了。根据情景选C。 真题再现 A B C D Oh, that’s very kind of you It’s a pleasure Congratulations I’m glad to hear that 6. —I had a pleasant trip last week. — . D 【解析】句意:——上周我有一次愉快的旅行。——听到是那我很高兴。 A. Oh, that’s very kind of you你真好;B. It’s a pleasure很荣幸; C. Congratulations祝贺;D. I’m glad to hear that听到是那我很高兴。故选D。 真题再现 A time B treat C task D taste 7. —The dishes in this restaurant must be very expensive. —Don't worry. You can enjoy yourself. It's my . 句意:——这个餐馆里的菜一定很贵。——不用担心,你们随便吃,我请客。It’s my treat.我请客。 B 真题再现 8. —Hello, Helen! Can I see Mr. Smith? — . I'll tell him you are here. C It sounds like fun Never mind Just a minute Sorry to hear that B D A C 解析 本题考查情景交际。句意:——你好,海伦,我可以看望史密斯先生吗?——等一下,我去告诉他你在这里。A. 别介意;B. 听起来很有趣;C. 等一会;D. 很抱歉听到这个。故选C。 真题再现 9.—I hope I can do well in the exams this time. — 。 B Thanks a lot Good luck to you Have a good time 句意:—我希望这次考试能考好。—祝你好运。A.Thanks a lot多谢;B.Good luck to you 祝你好运;C.Have a good time过得愉快。对别人的美好愿望,应祝福其”好运”。故选B。 解析 真题再现 10.—Look! There are dark clouds in the sky. You'd better take your raincoat. — . Thank you. A Good idea A It doesn't matter B I'm afraid not C With pleasure D 【解析】句意:—看!天空中有乌云,你最好带上你的雨衣。好主意,谢谢。考查日常交际用语。A.Goodidea好主意;B.It doesn't matter 没关系;C.I'm afraid not 我恐怕不会;D.With pleasure很乐意。结合句意可知是赞同对方的建议。故选A。 真题再现 模拟检测 模板检测 1. —I'm sorry that I didn't return your book on time. — , but don't do it again. C A I agree with you B You're welcome C It doesn't matter D That's a good idea 句意:——对不起我没能按时归还你的书。——没关系,但是不要再这样做了。A. I agree with you我同意你;B. You're welcome不客气,是对thank you的回答;C. It doesn't matter没关系,是对sorry的回答;D. That's a good idea那是一个好主意,故选C。 解析 真题再现 2. —I think teenagers should be allowed to go out with their friends in the evening. — , it's not safe enough. C I think so A I'm afraid so B C. I disagree C 【解析】句意: ——我认为青少年们应该被允许在晚上的时候和他们的朋友们一起外出。——我不同意,那不够安全。I think so.我也这样认为;I'm afraid so.恐怕如此;I disagree我不同意。根据句意it's not safe enough可知,第二个说话人不同意对方的观点,故应选C。 真题再现 3. —Could you please your room, Tom? — . A cleaning;No problem C to clean;Of course B clean;Certainly D clean;No I couldn't 解析 句意:——你能打扫一下你的房间吗?——当然。could为情态动词,后用动词原形,排除A和C;用could提问要用can回答,排除D。故选B。 B 真题再现 4. —Could you please tell me the way to the post office? — . You can ask the policeman over there. C No, I wouldn't like to Sorry, I'm new here A. With pleasure 【解析】句意:——你能告诉我去邮局怎么走吗?——对不起,我是新来的。你可以问问那边的警察。A. With pleasure没问题,当然可以;B. No, I wouldn't like to. 不,我不愿意;C. Sorry, I'm new here对不起,我是新来的。根据"You can ask the policeman over there."判断,不能给予对方帮 助,排除A选项;B选项显得没有礼貌,故答案选C。 真题再现 5. —I am sorry to hear that our women badminton players lost the Sudirman Cup. — . Failure is the mother of success. A B. It's a pity C. With pleasure D. No problem A. Never mind 解析 【解析】句意:——听到我们的女羽毛球队员错失苏迪曼杯我觉得很遗憾。——没关系。失败是成功之母。A没关系;B很遗憾,后面一般要接that引导的主语从句;C我愿意,表示很高兴为对方做某事;D没问题,表示欣然接受。根据Failure is the mother of success可知,本句是安慰对方。故选A。 真题再现 6. —I'm afraid I can't come to your birthday party. — ! But why? C A. How lucky D. That's great B. How happy C. What a pity 【解析】句意:——我恐怕不能参加你的 生日晚会了。——很遗憾!但是为什么? A多么高兴啊;B多么幸运啊; C很遗憾; D那太棒了。故选C。 真题再现 7.— Could you please pass me the book? —_____________. C A Yes, I could No, I couldn't No, that's no problem B D C Sure. Here you are 考查交际用语。根据Could you please pass me the book? "请你把书递给我,好吗?"可知这是一个表示请求的一般疑问句,故答案选C, 意为"当然可以。给你。" 解析 真题再现 8. —Can I get ready for something to drink? —_______________ I can't hear clearly. B A. Sorry B. Pardon? D. Excuse me. C. Why? 解析 句意:——我能准备好去喝点什么吗?——再说一遍,我没听清。A. Sorry对不起;B. Pardon原谅;C. Why为什么;D. Excuse me对不起。本题考查情景交际。Pardon常用于做错事情时请求对方原谅或没听清对方的话,希望对方再说一遍。故正确答案为B。 真题再现 句意:—笑是最好的药。——那是对的,现在人们在使用笑来改善他们的健康。A.That's right那是对的;B.That's all right 不客气;C.You are wrong你错了;D.I don't agree我不同意,故选A。 9. —Laughter is the best medicine. —_______________. Now people are using laughter to improve their health. A A. That's right B. That's all right C. You are wrong D. I don't agree 解析 真题再现 10. —I'm sorry. I broke your tea cup. —______________. I have another one at home. A A It doesn't matter C My pleasure B You'd better not D It's too bad 解析 句意:我很抱歉。我打破了你的茶杯。——没关系。在家里我还有另一个。It doesn't mater没关系;You'd beter not 你最好不要;My pleasure我的荣幸;It'stoo bad太坏啦。故选A。 真题再现 总结 通过本节课的学习,重点掌握情景交际的以下几种类型: (1)感谢和应答 (2)道歉和应答(3)邀请和应答 (4)请求和应答 (5)祝愿、祝贺和应答(6)提供帮助和应答 (7)劝告和建议 (8)打电话 (9)购物 (10)看病 (11)情感<高兴、惊奇、满意、忧虑、遗憾与同情 课堂小结 谢谢 21世纪教育网(www.myoraux2013.com) 中小学教育资源网站 有大把高质量资料?一线教师?一线教研员? 欢迎加入21世纪教育网教师合作团队!!月薪过万不是梦!! 详情请看: https://www.21cnjy.com/help/help_extract.php
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