[ID:4-6272570] [精]鲁教版英语八年级 冠词 学案
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中小学教育资源及组卷应用平台 冠词 教学内容:冠词的应用区分 教学目标:清晰学生做题思路,正确应用区分冠词 一、什么是冠词? a、an、the、/ 二、用法区分 1、先从意思上区分是用a/an还是the a/an 一个(泛指) the 这个;那个;这些;那些(特指) 例 a/an一个 the 一个男孩 那个打篮球的男孩 一条狗 这条可爱的狗 一朵花 这些红色的花 2、举例排除区分用法 如 boys(复数n前不可用a/an(一个);如表示特指这个那个,这些那些则用the,否则不填(/) 对于可数n单数,前一定要用冠词,直接排除/选项 随堂练习题: (1)Do you know girl in green? She is our monitor. A. a B. an C. the D. / (2) This was book my father bought to me. It’s written by a university teacher. A. a B. an C. the D. / (3) This is dogs I have told you about. They’re so lovely. A. a B. an C. the D. / (4)-How many books do you have? -I have one book. That’s English book. A. the; an B. the; the C. /; an D. a; the 第四题的第二空中出现了a和an 的用法区别 3、区分a、an用法 两种方法: 第一种: a 冠词后紧跟单词为辅音因素开头 an冠词后紧跟单词为元音因素开头 列举几个常考易错的词前冠词的用法 a (useful、Europe、university、usual、united) an(hour、honest、honor) 如学生不知什么是元音因素,则用第二种讲解方法。 第二种: a 冠词后紧跟单词为辅音字母开头(特例:hour、honest、honor、特例用an) an 冠词后紧跟单词为元音字母(a、e、i、o、u)开头(特例:useful、university、usual、united、Europe、One-eye;特例用a) 随堂练习: (5)I think it’s really hard work for me to finish the job in twenty minutes. A. a B. an C. the D. / (6)“If you stop dropping litter, I’ll kiss pig.”the head teacher promised the students at a school meeting. A. a B. an C. the D. / (7) -In London, dogs and their owners can enjoy hour-long free bus tour. -Wow!I hope we can also have such a service in Dongying. A. a B. an C. / D. the (8) Good news! We’ll have one-day holiday in order to celebrate the 70th anniversary of the victory in World War II. A. a B. an C. the D. / (9) China is old country with long history. A. The; an; a B. The ; a; a C./; an; the D. /; an; a (10)Girls, who always spend money on clothes, shuold keep ______eye open for discounts. A.a B.an C.the D./ 4、必须用the情况 顺口溜:独 指 方 高 乐 序 惯 家 形 独:独一无二 指:特指 方:方位 高:adj最高级 乐:乐器(演奏时play后) 序:序数词 惯:习惯用语(all the time;in the past;at the age of) 家:家庭姓 形:形容词前 5、不用冠词情况 一日三餐有职位;物主代词和every;星期月份又季节,棋牌球类节假日。 6、回顾总结做题思路 7、同步练习 1、We should have_____breakfast every day to keep healthy . A. a B. an C.\ D. the 2、What about_____egg and some milk for breakfast, Sandy? A.\ B. an C. the D. a 3、According to_____rule made in 2017,some kinds of dogs mustn’t be kept since May 1st, 2018 in Dongying. A. a B. an C. the D.\ 4、Li Yundi plays_____piano very well. A. a B. an C. the D. \ 5.It's not ________ good idea to drive for four hours without ________ break. A.a; a B.a; the C.the; a D.the; the 6._______old man behind Tom is _______university teacher. A.a; a B.a; the C.the; a D.the; an 7.- I’d like _______information about the hotel, please. -Well, you can have _______word with the manager, he might be helpful. A. a; a B. some; a C. some; an D. the; an 8.Tomorrow is _______Teachers’ Day, and we will make ______Teachers’ Day car for my English teacher . A. a; the B. /;a C. /;/ D. the; the 9.Many people are still in ______ habit of writing silly things in___public places. A. / ;the B. the; / C. /; / D. the; the. 10.The young may need more sleep than old, but usually eight hours is enough for the health of grown-ups. A.a B.an C.the D./ 11.As ______result, people will eat more food to try to make up for that something missing . A.a B.an C.the D./ 12.I don’t remember the first two operations very well,but I do recall ______third. A.a B.an C.the D./ 13.The eagle, with ______longest lifespan of its species, can live up to 70 years. A.a B.an C.the D./ 14.Father’s Day comes on third Sunday in June. A. the; / B. the; a C. /; the D. a; / 15-What do you like to do after school? -I like playing chess with my father. A. a B. an C. the D. / 16.Which language do you speak better, English or Japanese? A. the;the B. the;/ C. /; the D. /; / 17.-Will you stay for supper with us? -Sure, I’d love to. Home cooking is just what I like. A. a B. an C. the D. / 18-Is the girl with umbrella your sister? -Yes, she is 8-year-old lovely girl. A. the; the B. an; an C. a; the D. a; an 19-Peter! Here is letter for you. -Thank you. A. a B. an C. the D. / 20-What’s this on the desk? -It is old dictionary. A. a B. an C. the D. / 21.Maria has sister. They look the same. A. / B. an C. the D. a 22.-Where does your father work? -He works at radio station. A. / B. an C. the D. a 23.The young may need more sleep than old, but usually eight hours is enough for the health of grown-ups. A.a B.an C.the D./ 24.As ______result, people will eat more food to try to make up for that something missing . A.a B.an C.the D./ 25. Cindy is six-year-old girl and she has become famous since her first appearance in the show“Where Are We Going,Dad?” A. a; the B. a; / C. the; the D. the; / 参考答案: (1)-(5)CCCCA (6)-(10) ABADB 1-5 CBCCA 6-10 CBBBC 11-15 ACCAD 16-20 DDBAB 21-25 DDCAB 21世纪教育网 www.myoraux2013.com 精品试卷·第 2 页 (共 2 页) HYPERLINK "http://21世纪教育网(www.myoraux2013.com) " 21世纪教育网(www.myoraux2013.com)
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  • 资料类型: 教案
  • 资料版本:鲁教版
  • 适用地区:山东省
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