[ID:4-5886342] 外研版英语七年级下册期中复习课件69张
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七年级下册复习 M1 失物招领 欢迎回... 首先 there be (就近) 注意.../小心... 从现在开始 匆忙地 lost and found welcome back to first of all be careful with from now on in a hurry 8、everyone/everybody/everything 做主语,谓语动词用单数Everything is half price . 二、知识点 9、 in the lost and found box at the lost and found office 10、welcome back to 欢迎回... welcome to +表示地点的名词 欢迎来某地 You are welcome. 不用谢。 welcome home 欢迎回家 11. arrive/get/home(here/there) 12、get on the bus 上公交车 get off the bus 下公交车 短语 get up起床/起立/打扮;安排;组织 get to到达 | 开始 | 接触 | 找到 get on with 与……友好相处;继续干 get on well with sb. 与……相处好 get by 通过 | 过得去,(勉强)过活 | 通过,经过 | 走过,侥幸躲过 get down (从…)下来;写下;使沮丧;(to)开始认真做,着手做 get in 进入 | 进入,抵达 | 收获(庄稼等) | 收获 get into 进入,陷入 .../(使)进入;卷入;对…发生兴趣 ... get around/round 走动,克服,设法回避(问题等);(协)抽出时间来做(或考虑) get away 逃脱;离开;出发 get through 接通电话 | 到达 | 完成 | 度过(时间) 13、 1)talk to sb 和某人说话(侧重主动说) talk with sb 和某人说话(侧重两人都说) talk about sth 谈论某事 2)say 说,强调说的内容 say hello/yes/no to sb. wave to say goodbye to sb. 3)speak 说,接语言English/Chinese/Japanese/Russian/German 4)tell sb sth=tell sth to sb告诉某人某事 10、1)look for 寻找(不一定找到) 2)find (偶然地)找到 3)find out 查明,弄清楚(经过努力) Please help me find out the time of the train. 词汇辨析 two hundred composers(具体数不加s,不加of) 14.hundreds of 成百上千的 thousands of 成千上万的 millions of 成百万的,许许多多的 billions of 数十亿的 15.leave sth+介词短语 把------忘(落、丢)在某地 I often leave my mobile phone in the office. He left his bag on the train. Forget sb./sth.忘了某人或某物 16、Every day 每天 everyday job/life每天的(形容词,后面接名词) My mother gets home at six every day . 17、at the moment=at this moment=now 此时此刻,现在 at that moment=then 在那时 18、such as 例如,后面不加逗号 for example 例如,后面加逗号 19、 help sb (to)do sth帮助某人做某事 help sb with sth 20、--whose ... is this? 这是谁的...? --It’s+名词性物主代词. 21、Are these ...+名词性物主代词?这些...是某人吗? Are these crayons yours? 人称代词: 在英语中, 表示人称代词的有I(我), you(你), he(他), she(她), it(它), we(我们), you(你们), they(他们/她们/它们)。 我们已经学到的人称代词有: I, you, he, She, it; 如: I am Frank. You are Gina. He is Bob. She is Alice. It is a pen. Grammar 数 格 人 称 单 数 复 数 主 格 宾 格 主 格 宾 格 第一人称 we me we us 第二人称 you you you you 第三人称 he him they them she her it it 物主代词: 在英语中, 物主代词分为形容词性物主代词和 名词性物主代词,。表示形容词性物主代词的有 my(我的), your(你的), his(他的), her(她), its(它), our(我们的), your(你们的), their(他们/ 她们/它们的),后面跟名词。 我们已经学到的物主代词有: my, your, his, her; 如: My name is Frank. Your name is Gina. His name is Bob. Her name is Helen. Grammar 1.人称代词与be如何搭配呢? 顺口溜 我(I)用am,你(you)用are, is连着他(he)她(she)它()it,遇见复数全用are。 2、单数你他我,复数一二三,道歉我为先. 1.我、你、他、都18岁。__________________ 2.你们、我们、他们都来自中国。 ______________________________. You, he and I are 18. We, you and they are from China 物主代词 形容词性物主代词 名词性物主代词 我的;我们的;你的;你们的;他的;她的;它的;她他它们的 后面有名词 后面无名词 my mine our your her its their ours yours his hers its theirs his This is my book, that's yours. 后面无名词 后面有名词 book my book=mine our books=ours your book=yours your books=yours Their books=theirs its nose=its her book=hers his hook=his 1. (我的)father is a teacher. How about 根据汉语提示完成句子 My yours (你的)? 2.Those’re (他的)books,not (我的). his mine 3.The ruler isn’t ( 她的 ). ( 她的 ) is in ( 她的 ) pencilcase. hers Hers 4.These’re (你们的)pencils.Those’re ( 我 们的). your ours (我们的)books are in the desk. Where are (你们的). Our yours “形物”后面有名词 “名物”后面无名词 her 用括号中的适当形式填空? 1. Are?these?________(you ) pencils?????? Yes,?they?are?________(our).??? 2. Whose?is?this?pencil??????—It’s?______(I).??? 3. I?love?________(they)very?much.? 4. She?is________(I)classmate.? 5. Miss?Li?often?looks?after______(she)brother.?? 6. Are?these?________(they)bags?????? ?—No,?they?aren’t?________(their).? They?are?________(we). your ours mine them my her their theirs ours 语法:can 肯定句结构: 主语+can +动词原形+其他. 否定句结构: 主语+can’t(can not)+ 动词原形+其他. 一般疑问句: 把can 提前 肯定回答: Yes,主语+can. 否定回答 :No,主语+can’t. Module 2 一、语法 弹钢琴 踢足球 想要做某事 想要成为... 想要某物 play the piano play football would like =want 想要 would like to do sth= want to do sth would like to be=want to be would like sth=want sth 二、知识点 和某人相处的好/不好 努力学习 准备好做某事 选择...作为 承诺做某事 享受做...... 擅长 得到最好的分数 get on well/badly with sb work hard be/get ready to do sth choose ...as /for promise to do sth enjoy doing sth. be good at =do well in get the best score 、join加入the Music Club/Party/the army/a theatre company(团体、组织 join sb. in doing加入活动Can you join us in playing football? take part in 加入活动(侧重发挥作用) take part in a sports meeting/English contest 15.What about you?=How about you?=And you? 你呢? What about doing sth?=How about doing sth?做某事怎么样? 16./because/so不能同时出现在一个句子中 17.that’s all 仅此而已,就这么多 I can cook eggs , but that’s all . 17 worry about =be worried about 担心... don’t worry 不用担心 18 teach sb sth =teach sth to sb 教某人某事 teach sb. to do教某人干某事 learn to do 19 favourite=like...best 最喜欢 English is my favourite subject. =I like English best . 20 really 副词,修饰形容词或动词 run really fast real 形容词,修饰名词 real story/name 21 at the start of=at the beginning of 在...的开始 22.ride a bike 骑自行车 She rides a bike to school. =She goes to school by bike. Take a bus/ train/ car/ taxi/ underground to sp. =go to sp. by bus/ train/ car/ taxi/ underground Ride---rode take---took 语法:can 肯定句结构: 主语+can +动词原形+其他. 否定句结构: 主语+can’t(can not)+ 动词原形+其他. 一般疑问句: 把can 提前 肯定回答: Yes,主语+can. 否定回答 :No,主语+can’t. 二、语法 1、明确can表达的是“某人能做什么”,体现的是一种能力。词性是情态动词。 Example 例子 They can speak English very well. They can’t speak English very well. Can they speak English very well? Yes, they can. No, they can’t. 情态动词can后一定要接动词原形。 情态动词can没有人称和数的变化。 补充 2. 表示请求或许可时,意为“可以”。 3. 表示猜测时,意为“可能”。 Can I help you? 要我帮忙吗? Where can she go now? 她现在可能到哪里去了呢? M3 1.制定计划 你周末的计划是什么? 2.在周末 4.复习 make plans /make a plan What’s your plans for the weekend ? on/at the weekend on/at weekends go over 复习 知识点 5、 做作业 6、 帮忙做某事 7、看电影 8、 还有谁 其他的 还有什么 用许多其他的语言 9、 上钢琴课 10、 和某人一起来 11、 去野餐 do one’s homework help sb.do sth. help sb.with sth. see a movie(film) who else /somewhere else Something else what else In many other languages have a piano lesson come with sb have a picnic 12.would you like to do...? 肯定答语--Yes,I’d like(love )to. That’s a good /great idea. 否定答语 Sorry, but I can’t. / Yes,I’d like(love )to, but I’m afraid I can’t. 13. get the best score 得到最好的分数 14. stay at home 待在家里 15. alone =by oneself 单独,独自 16. don’t be silly 别傻了 14.make sb/sth +形容词(或介词短语) 使某人/某物怎么样 make our classroom beautiful/clean and tidy Make you happy / sad / relaxed/excited/famous make the classroom just like home make sb do sth 使某人做某事 The news made him feel excited. My joke makes her laugh . 15.be kind to sb 对某人友善 be friendly to sb. 对某人友好 16.try to do sth 尽力做某事 try doing sth 尝试做某事 17.fly a kite 放风筝 1)、人+spend+时间/金钱 (in)doing sth. 花费 on sth He spent ten yuan on this book. 2)、物/事情 cost 人+金钱. The book cost him ten yuan . 3)、It take(s) 人 +时间 to do sth. It took the workers 5 months to build the new library. Building the library took the workers 5 months 4)、人+ pay +(金钱)for 物. I paid ten yuan for the book . take a walk =go (out)for a walk去散步 26、be different from 与...不同 be the same as 与...相同 27、summer camp 夏令营 28. see/visit friends 看望朋友 29. I’m not sure. 不确定. 盼望做...... 和某人教朋友 玩儿得愉快 起床早/晚 去散步 去观光 去购物 去游泳 做运动 到了做..的时间了。 look forward to doing make friends with sb enjoy oneself=have a good time =have fun get up early/ late take a walk go sightseeing 去观光 go shopping 去购物 go swimming 去游泳 do some sports 做运动 It’s time for sth.=It’s time to do sth. It's time for sb to do sth Module3-4 :一般将来时 1、be going to do sth 多用于口语,强调事先打算、计划要做的事情或有某种迹象要发生的事情。如:——What are you going to do this evening? ——Look ! There are so many clouds in the sky. It’s going to rain. (看!天空有那么多云,我想要下雨了。) 一般疑问句和否定句一切遵循be动词的变化规则。 The clever boy is going to cook a meal. The clever boy isn’t going to cook a meal. Is the clever boy going to cook a meal? Yes, he is . No, he isn’t. Example 例子 I will go shopping with Mozart. I won’t go shopping with Mozart. Will you go shopping with Mozart? Yes, I will. No, I won’t. ④特殊疑问句:一般将来时的特殊疑问句是将疑问词(wh-/how)放在句首,后接一般疑问句。 ——when will you be here?(你什么时候会在这儿?) ——I will be here on Sunday.(我周日会在这里。) 2、will为情态动词。will + v.原形 (没有人称和数的变化) 否定为won’t 变疑问句时,将will 提前 如何确定呢?--找关键词 1) tomorrow,the day after tomorrow,tomorrow morning/afternoon/evening 2) next year/week/month/hour/day/century 3) in+一段时间 4) in the future 5) this afternoon,Sunday,evening 6) from now on 7) one day,someday (未来的)某天 8) soon 9. right away= at once 立刻,马上 10. after +时间点 …以后 练习 Ⅲ.There be 句型的一般将来时: 肯定式:There is/are going to be+sth. 否定式:There is/are not going to be+sth. 一般疑问式:——Is/Are there going to be+sth? (肯)——Yes, there is/are. (否)——No, there is/are not. e.g. (肯定式) (否定式) ——Is there going to be a sports meeting next week?(一般疑问式) 1.There is/are going to be There going to be a sports meeting next week ——Yes, there is.(肯) ——No, there isn’t.(否) There is going to be a sports meeting next week.( 翻译:下周这里将会有一个运动会。 isn’t 拓展 2. There will be 肯定式:There will be+sth. 否定式:There will not be+sth. 一般疑问式:——Will there be+sth? (肯)——Yes, there will. (否)——No, there will not. There will be a sports meeting next week.(肯定式) There will not be a sports meeting next week.(否定式) ——Will there be a sports meeting next week?(一般疑问式) ——Yes, there will.(肯) ——No, there will not.(否) M4 1、in the future 在将来 2、chalk、paper为不可数名词 a piece of+chalk/paper /music 3、in +一段时间,句子用将来时 对in+一段时间提问,用 How soon 4、maybe 可能,也许 一般放句首 Maybe you are right. 也许你是对的 You may be right . may be 可能 放句子中,may是情态动词, be 是谓语动词,用原形. 5、use ... to do sth 用...做某事 Use the information to write an email. 知识点 6. 在网上 7. 通过网络 8.能,会 9. 不再... 10. 回答某人的问题 11. 需要做某事 12.也,和,又 13.有许多作业要做 on the Internet by Internet be able to do sth. not ...any more=no...more answer one’s question need to do sth as well(too) not only... but also...不仅...而且... 连接两个主语时,谓语动词就近原则 Have a lot of homework to do I have something important to tell you. Do you have anything else to do ? I have nothing to worry about . a good place to play We decided_________(go) out. We decided_________(not go) out. We didn’t decide what _______(do) next. We didn’t decide how_______(do) it next. We didn’t decide which one_______ (choose). to go not to go to do to do to choose 14.come true 实现 主语是dream、idea I’m sure my dream will come true in the future . 15.mean sth 意味着 mean doing sth 意味着做某事 mean to do sth 打算做某事 16.kind 种类 a kind of 一种 all kinds of 各种各样的 kind 友善的,形容词 Be kind to sb. 17.light rain 小雨--(反)heavy rain 物做主语时,用expensive或cheap 价格(price)做主语时,用high或low 18.traffic jam 交通堵塞 复数 ~ jams 一、购物相关句型 What can I do for you? Can I help you? What colour does she like? What size does she take? May I try it on? There’s a sale on today. How many/much would you like? How much+ be + sth? =What’s the price of …..? I’ll take it. I’ve got some food to buy. Module 5 Shop worker: ( ) Lingling:I’d like a pair of shoes. Shop worker:( ) Lingling: Black,please. Shop worker:( ) Lingling:Size 31 Shop worker:How about this pair? Lingling:( ) Shop worker:Of couse. Lingling:( ) Shop worker:Only 30 yuan Lingling:It’ cheap. ( ) Can I help you? What colour do you like? What size do you want? May I try it on? How much is it ? I’ll take it . 11几天后 12在任何时间 13把…和…进行比较 14省钱 15网上支付 16生活方式 17一天 18没有人 19能,会 a few days later(after a few days) In a few days 与将来时连用 at any time compare …with… save money pay over the Internet way of life one day no one be able to(can) 20.carry 拿,带 不强调方向bring 带来 take 带走 Chinese students carry heavy bags to school. change 可做名词,也可做动词 change A into B 把A变成B 什么 什么颜色 多大号 什么时间 多少,对数字提问 多少,提问价格或不可数名词 提问频率 多久(以后) 多长(时间) 多远(距离) 多高(距地面) 多高(身高) what 什么 what colour 什么颜色 what size 多大号 what time =when 什么时间 how many 多少,对数字提问 how much how often 提问频率 how soon 多久(以后) how long 多长 how far 多远 How high How tall 语法:特殊疑问句 (特殊疑问词+ 一般疑问句) Grammar、特殊疑问词 练习题 1. — ________? — I'd like to buy some books. A. What are you doing? B. What can I do for you C. How are you? D. How is it going? 2. —________ is your T-shirt? —It’s 40 dollars. A. How many B. How big C. How much D. How long 3. There are ________ students in our school. A. six hundred B. six hundreds C. six hundreds of D. six hundred of 4. Here is a big sale ! Everything is_____price. A. half B. full C. zero D./ B C A A 5. —Hi, Susan. Your hat is so nice! —________. A. Yes,please B. No,no. C. Thank you! D. Just so so 6. I want to buy a shirt ________ my father. A. to B.for C. in D. on 7.—How much ________ the bag and the hat? —________60 yuan. A. is; It’s B. is; They’re C. are; They’re D. are; It’s C B C 为某人买某物 在母亲节 …怎么样? 试穿 当然 太多 一公斤 还有什么? 网上购物 …中之一 buy sth. for sb. on Mother’s Day what about …? try( it /them) on of course too much/too many a kilo of what else online shopping one of…+名词复数 One of the greatest composers 三、短语 11.make sb sth=make sth for sb 为某人做某物 cook sb sth=cook sth for sb 为某人做... 11.buy sb sth=buy sth for sb 为某人买某物 14.because 后面接句子 because of 后面接名词或名词性短语 and so on 相当于省略号 15 .try on 试穿 put on 穿上 turn on 打开 hold on 等一下(电话用语)=wait a minute come on 加油 16.Certainly.=Sure.=Of course.当然。 17.too much 太多(修饰不可数名词) too many 太多(修饰可数名词) much too 太(修饰形容词/副词) much too fast/heavy/slowly 到达 在(里面的)前面 穿过(横穿) 沿着 向左转(进入) 在第三条街 在那儿 在右边/左边 在...的对面 旅游--游客 get to in (the) front of go across=cross go along turn left (into) at the third street over there on the right/left Opposite=across from tour 旅游— tourist 游客visitor Module6 how high 多高(多用于问不与地面接触的东西) how tall 人,动物,树木等有生命的东西,多高 who 谁 whom 谁(宾格),一般情况下可用who代替I want to buy these crayon for him. Who/Whom do you want to buy these crayons for? whose 谁的 为什么不做。。。? 一个地铁站 乘坐交通工具 (在)...的中心 沿着...到 在...的上面 大部分的 在晴朗的一天 做某事最好的方式 在...的附近 Why not do sth?= Why don’t you do sth? an underground station take a / the bus = by bus (in) the middle/centre of walk along ... to above most of ... on a clear day the best way to do sth Way of doing near=next to =close to as 相当与when 当...时 上/下车、船 路过、走过 向左转进入 需要做某事 在A和B之间(between) 了解 在另一边(两边中的另一边) 常用于one...the other 表示两者中的一个...另一个... get on /off go past=pass turn left into need to do sth between A and B learn about 了解 on the other side 在另一边(两边中的另一边) 常用于one...the other 表示两者中的一个...另一个... 29、on 表示处于…上,强调与表面接触。 over表示在某人或某物的正上方,反义词是under。? above表示位置高于某人或某物。但不一定是正上方,反义词是below。 on the corner (of)... 在...的拐角处 30. Why not do sth?=Why don’t you do sth? 31.an underground station 一个地铁站 32.take + 冠词(a、the)交通工具 to+地点=go to+地点 by 交通工具 33.Thanks a lot.=Thanks very much. 34. over=more than 超过 over 900 years old 35. get to=reach=arrive at(小地点)/in (大地点) 到达 .根据所给汉语完成句子。 为什么不来我们学校? ________ to our school? 沿着这条街走可以到公园。 _____ ____ the street to the park. 沿河行进时,伦敦眼在你的右边。 __ you go along the river, the London Eye is ____ ____ _____. 乘船沿河回去,下船后走过火车站,再沿着街道向前走 ______ the boat back _____ the river. ______ ___ the boat and the station and ____ _____ the street. Why not come Go along As on your right Take along Get off go past walk along 练练吧! 我们可以用介词表达方位,常用的表达方位的介词: … 1.与……紧挨着 2.在……的对面 3.在……拐处 4.在…和…之间 5.在…前面 6.在…东面 7.在…后面 8.在…上面 9.在…附近 10.在…中心 11.在左边/右边 next to opposite/across from on the corner of between…and … In front of In/on/to the east behind on/above /over near In the middle/centre of on the left/right 1 over, above和on的用法 1) There is a bridge the river 2) Raise your arms your head. 3) There is a cup the table. 方位介词 用法 over指在…的正上方,表示垂直在上, above指在上方,属于斜上方 ,on指在上面,表示两物体接触 over above on 2:in /on/ to表示方位 Shanghai?is the?east?of?China.?上海位于中国东部。 Japan?is? the?east?of?China.?日本在中国东部。 Mongolia(蒙古国)is? the?north?of?China.? 蒙古人民共和国位于中国北部。 in表示在某范围之内; ?to表示在某范围之外; ?on表示“邻”、“接壤”。 in to on Quiz 用适当的介词填空。 1. The bookshop is near here, ___ the corner of this road. 2. Who was sitting ___ your left at the cinema? 3. Can you tell me the way ___ the market? 4. Please turn right ____ Heping Road, and you can see the hospital. 5. Please look at the map ___ China. on on to into Guide 3 Ask for the way and give directions 1.How do we ask for the way? 2. 1.How do we give directons? 3:in front of 和in the front of 1) in front of表示“在…之前”(范围外)。 in the front of 表示“在…的前部”(范围内) 1) There are some trees the classroom. 2) There is a blackboard the classroom. in front of in the front of Could you tell me how to get to...? Can you tell me the way to ...? Is there a ... near here? How can I get to...?/get there? Where is the ...? 问路相关句型: 指路相关句型: Go along the street /road… Turn left at the first street/crossing.. Turn left into … Go straight ahead...... Take the No. 22 bus It takes about ten minutes by bus. You can see it in front of you. You can’t miss it. 练习题 1. —________, how can I go to the bank ? —You can take the No.17 bus.. A. Excuse me B. You are welcome C. Thanks a lot D. Never mind 2. Could you tell me how to ________ the National Stadium? A. go B. get C. be D. get to 3. Go ________the street, you will see a shop. A. to B. cross C. on D. across 4. Mary is sitting next________me. We are good friends. A. on B. of C. to D. in A D D C 5. It’s down the street ________ the left? A. on B. in C. to D. from 6.----______ ? -- Go along this road and you will see it on the left . . A.How far is the station ? B. Which bus can I take ? C.Is there a station near here ? D. Where is the station ? 7. There are some trees ____ the classroom. A. in the front of B. in front of C. in front D. in the front A D B 2.根据中文提示完成句子 1.我怎么到达故宫?一直往前走,天安门的对面就是. 2.毛主席纪念堂在哪里?在人民大会堂和博物馆之间. 3.你能告诉我到公园的路吗? 4.我在哪里可以购物? _________________the Forbidden City? __________________It’s __________Tian’anmenSquare. How do I get to Go straight ahead. opposite __________is the Chairman Mao Memorial Hall? It’s ___________ the Great Hall of People______the Museum. Where between and ________________________to a park? Can you tell me the way ________can I _________________________? Where do some shopping
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